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2019年大学英语六级阅读模拟试题(13)

中华考试网   2019-02-20   【

2019年大学英语六级阅读模拟试题(13)

  Science is a dominant theme in our culture. Since it touches almost every facet of our life, educated people need at least some acquaintance with its structure and operation. They should also have an understanding of the subculture in which scientists live and the kinds of people they are. An understanding of general characteristics of science as well as specific scientific concepts is easier to attain if one knows something about the things that excite and frustrate the scientist.

  This book is written for the intelligent student or lay person whose acquaintance with science is superficial; for the person who has been presented with science as a musty storehouse of dried facts; for the person who sees the chief objective of science as the production of gadgets; and for the person who views the scientists as some sort of magician. The book can be used to supplement a course in any science, to accompany any course that attempts to give an understanding of the modern world, or – independently of any course – simply to provide a better understanding of science. We hope this book will lead readers to a broader perspective on scientific attitudes and a more realistic view of what science is, who scientists are, and what they do. It will give them an awareness and understanding of the relationship between science and our culture and an appreciation of the roles science may play in our culture. In addition, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific views and some of the values and philosophies that are pervasive in our culture.

  We have tried to present in this book an accurate and up-to-date picture of the scientific community and the people who populate it. That population has in recent years come to comprise more and more women. This increasing role of women in the scientific subculture is not an unique incident but, rather, part of the trend evident in all segments of society as more women enter traditionally male-dominated fields and make significant contributions. In discussing these changes and contribution, however, we are faced with a language that is implicitly sexist, one that uses male nouns or pronouns in referring to unspecified individuals. To offset this built-in bias, we have adopted the policy of using plural nouns and pronouns whenever possible and, when absolutely necessary, alternating he and she. This policy is far form being ideal, but it is at least an acknowledgment of the inadequacy of our language in treating half of the human race equally.

  We have also tried to make the book entertaining as well as informative. Our approach is usually informal. We feel, as do many other scientists, that we shouldn’t take ourselves too seriously. As the reader may observe, we see science as a delightful pastime rather than as a grim and dreary way to earn a living.

  模拟试题

  1. According to the passage, ‘scientific subculture’ means _____.

  [A] cultural groups that are formed by scientists.

  [B] people whose knowledge of science is very limited.

  [C] the scientific community.

  [D] people who make good contribution to science.

  2. We need to know something about the structure and operation of science because_____.

  [A] it is not easy to understand the things that excite and frustrate scientists.

  [B] Science affects almost every aspect of our life.

  [C] Scientists live in a specific subculture.

  [D] It is easier to understand general characteristics of science.

  3. The book mentioned in this passage is written for readers who_____.

  [A] are intelligent college students and lay person who do not know much about science.

  [B] are good at producing various gadgets.

  [C] work in a storehouse of dried facts.

  [D] want to have a superficial understanding of science.

  4. According to this passage,_____.

  [A] English is a sexist language.

  [B] only in the scientific world is the role of women increasing rapidly.

  [C] women are making significant contributions to eliminating the inadequacy of our language.

  [D] male nouns or pronouns should not be used to refer to scientists.

  5. This passage most probably is_____.

  [A] a book review.

  [B] the preface of a book.

  [C] the postscript of a book.

  [D] the concluding part of a book.

  Vocabulary

  1. subculture 亚文化群(指在一个社会或一种文化内具有独特性的一群人)

  2. superficial 肤浅?#27169;?#27973;薄?#27169;?#34920;面的

  3. lay person 外?#26657;?#38376;外汉,俗人

  4. musty 发毒?#27169;?#32769;朽?#27169;?#38472;腐的

  5. gadget 小玩意儿,小配件,新发明

  6. pervasive 渗透?#27169;?#24357;漫?#27169;?#36941;布的

  7. populate 居住于……中,在……中占一席之地

  8. implicit 含蓄?#27169;?#20869;含的

  9. unspecified 未特别提出的

  10. offset 抵消,补偿

  1. An understanding of general characteristicsof science as well as specific scientific concepts iseasier to attain if one knows something about thethings that excite and frustrate the scientist.

  【参考译文】如果一个人知道那些使科学家激动不已和灰心丧气的东西,那就比较容易了解科学的一般(普遍)特征以及特殊科学概念。

  2. We hope this book will lead readers to a broader perspective on scientific attitude and amore realistic view of what science is, who scientists are and what they do.

  【参考译文】我们希望这本书能引?#32423;?#32773;对科学观念有一个更为广阔的?#29976;?对什?#35789;?#31185;学、科学家是些什么人以及他们在干什么有一个更为现实的观点。

  3. In addition, readers may learn to appreciate the relationship between scientific viewsand some of the values and philosophies that are pervasive in our culture.

  【参考译文】另外,读者可学会正确评价科学观点与我们文化中无处不在的某些价值观和哲学思想之间的关系。

  4. This increasing role of women in the scientific subculture is not an unique incident but, rather, part of the trend evident in all segments of society as more women enter traditionallymale-dominated fields and make significant contributions.

  【参考译文】科学亚文化群中妇女作用越来越大。这不是?#35757;?#19968;见的意外?#24405;?#32780;是,确切地说,在社会各部门显著潮流的一部分由于越来越多妇女进入了传?#25104;?#20026;男子统治的领域并作出了重大的贡?#20303;?/P>

  5. This policy is far from being ideal, but it is at least an acknowledgement of theinadequacy of our language in treating half of human race equally.

  【参考译文】这一策略并不理想,但它至少承认了一个事实,那就是在平等对待人类另一半上,我们的语言功能还不全。

  写作方法与文章大意

  这是一篇书的序言,作者用?#34892;?#22841;议的写作方法介绍了书的涉及面及其功能。

  首先提出科学是我们文化的重大主题,但人们也该了解科学家生活的亚文化?#28023;?#21482;有懂得一些激励和挫伤科学家的种种情况,才能理解科学的一般特征及其特殊概念。

  第二方面指出书的读者对象是对科学一知半解的学生及门外汉。书可作理工科课程的辅助(补充)读物,又可独立自成体系。它可开阔人们科学的视野,真正了解科学、科学家及其工作,理解科学和文化的关系,科学观点和哲学的关系。

  第三方面指出亚文化群中妇女增多,贡献巨大,而我们的语言却隐含这性别的歧视,难以充分平等地反映妇女。

  最后指出书信息量大又具娱?#20013;裕?#23507;教于乐。

?#26469;?/font>评论责编:examwkk
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